Example: Standard deviation

Published 2006-11-27 | Author: Till Tantau

A nice illustration of the standard deviation and confidence intervals.

Author: Till Tantau
Source: The latex-beamer-users mailing list

Download as: [PDF] [TEX]  •  [Open in Overleaf]

Standard deviation

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\documentclass{article}

\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}
\usepackage[x11names, rgb]{xcolor}
\usepackage{tikz}

% GNUPLOT required
\begin{document}
\pagestyle{empty}


\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=1.25]
    \colorlet{col1}{blue!70}
    \colorlet{col2}{blue!60}
    \colorlet{col3}{blue!50}
    \colorlet{col4}{blue!40}
   %\draw [help lines] (-4.25,-1.25) grid (4.25,1.5);
   %\draw [help lines,step=0.25cm] (-2.99,0) grid (2.99,0.99);

   \draw[->] (0,-1.25) -- (0,1.5) node [above]
     {$\displaystyle
        \frac{1}{\sigma\sqrt{2\pi}}\exp\biggl(\frac{-x^2}{2\sigma^2}\biggr)
     $};

   \begin{scope}[smooth,draw=gray!20,y=0.3989422804cm]
        \filldraw [fill=col3] plot[id=f1,domain=-3:-2] function {exp(-x*x/2)}
            -- (-2,0) -- (-3,0) -- cycle;
        \filldraw [fill=col2] plot[id=f2,domain=-2:-1] function {exp(-x*x/2)}
            -- (-1,0) -- (-2,0) -- cycle;
        \filldraw [fill=col1] plot[id=f3,domain=-1:0]  function {exp(-x*x/2)}
            -- (0,0)  -- (-1,0) -- cycle;
        \filldraw [fill=col1] plot[id=f4,domain=0:1] function {exp(-x*x/2)}
            -- (1,0)  --  (0,0) -- cycle;
        \filldraw [fill=col2] plot[id=f5,domain=1:2] function {exp(-x*x/2)}
            -- (2,0)  -- (1,0) -- cycle;
        \filldraw [fill=col3] plot[id=f6,domain=2:3] function {exp(-x*x/2)}
            -- (3,0)  -- (2,0) -- cycle;
        \draw[black] plot[id=f7,domain=-4.25:4.25,samples=100]
            function {exp(-x*x/2)};
   \end{scope}
       \draw[->] (-4.25,0) -- (4.25,0) node [right] {$x$};

    \foreach \pos/\label in {-3/$-3\sigma$,-2/$-2\sigma$,-1/$-\sigma$,
            1/$\sigma$,2/$2\sigma$,3/$3\sigma$}
        \draw (\pos,0) -- (\pos,-0.1) (\pos cm,-3ex) node
            [anchor=base,fill=white,inner sep=1pt]  {\label};

    \draw (-0.1,1) -- (.1,1) node [right,fill=white,inner sep=1pt] {$\sigma$};

    \foreach \pos/\percent/\height in {1/34/0.5,2/14/0.25,3/2/0.125,4/0.1/0.1}
    {
      \node[text=col\pos,anchor=base,yshift=2pt,xshift=-0.625cm,
        fill=white,inner sep=1pt] at (\pos,\height) {$\percent\%$};
      \node[text=col\pos,anchor=base,yshift=2pt,xshift=.625cm,
        fill=white,inner sep=1pt]  at (-\pos,\height) {$\percent\%$};
    }
\end{tikzpicture}


\end{document}

Comments

  • #1 niccolò, October 8, 2012 at 2:52 p.m.

    if i complie this code the result dont show the function. how its wrong?

  • #2 ml, September 3, 2013 at 9:22 p.m.

    I think it is calling gnuplot!

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